Nitrogen containing monosaccharides
Sulphur containing monosaccharides
Heparin & chondroitin derived oligosaccharides
IS0237 Deoxymannojirimycin hydrochloride
IS0238 1,4-Dideoxy-1,4-imino-D-mannitol hydrochloride
IS0244 Calystegine A3
IS0298 N-Methyl trans-4-hydroxy-L-proline
IS0304 N,N-Dimethyl cis-4-hydroxy-L-proline
IS0324 N-Methyl cis-4-hydroxymethyl-L-proline
IS0401 Calystegine B3
IS0446 N,N-Dimethyl trans-4-hydroxy-L-proline
IS0501 Australine HCl
IS0676 1,4-Dideoxy-1,4-imino-D-arabitol HCl
IS0785 1-Deoxyfuconojirimycin HCl
IS0786 1-Deoxy-L-idonojirimycin HCl
What are Monosaccharides?
Monosaccharides, often considered to be simple sugars, are the basic building blocks of carbohydrates. These are generally water-soluble, crystalline solids with the general formula CnH2nOn. They can be classified by the number of carbon atoms they contain, the most abundant are pentoses (5 carbons) and hexoses (6 carbons).
Examples of these building blocks commonly found in nature include xylose (plant cell walls), ribose (RNA), glucose (cell energy source), mannose (plant cell walls) and fructose (a constituent of sucrose).
Monosaccharides form more complex saccharides via the formation of glycosidic bonds. For example, D-glucose and D-galactose combine to form the disaccharide lactose, commonly found in milk, while D-glucose and D-fructose combine to form sucrose (table sugar).